The First IoT Device: Internet Connected Coke Machine

How did a group of researchers at Carnegie Mellon wind up creating the first IoT device almost 20 years before the phrase Internet of Things was even coined?

A combination of ingenuity and laziness.

In the early 1980s, the idea of connecting devices to the Internet was largely theoretical.

The Internet itself was in its infancy. Carnegie Mellon was among the first universities to connect to the ARPANET, the DoD funded precursor to today’s Internet.

In 1982, researchers and students in the computer science department had a serious problem.

They’d often find themselves walking to the building’s Coca Cola vending machine only to find it was either empty or the drinks were too warm.

Serious stuff.

So naturally, they came up with a way to connect the university’s Coke machine to the Internet. This way, they could check the status of the machine remotely before making the trek to grab a beverage.

History was made. It just didn’t feel like it at the time.

Michael Kazar, who was a Carnegie Mellon grad student at the time, told Politico in a 2015 retrospective: “It really was not a very significant thing at the time. There was a Coke machine on the third floor of this eight-story building, and people didn’t like the fact that they would go down all the way to the third floor and discover the Coke machine was empty.”

According to IBM’s Industrious blog, students installed microswitches in the bottle-based vending machine to keep track of the fill state of each column. They also tracked how long the bottles had been inside the 1970s machine.

To determine whether drinks were cold enough, they installed temperature sensors.
The most innovative part involved connecting the machine to the university’s network.
Students designed a board that interfaced with the machine’s sensors and connected to a computer.

Custom-developed software queried the connected computer for the machine’s status.
Using could send a simple command from any terminal in the network, and the program would return info about the drink situation.

This wasn’t a formal research project. It was a product of Carnegie Melon’s culture, which emphasizes problem solving and technological innovation.

While eliminating an annoyance at CMU, the Internet-connected Coke machine demonstrated the potential of connected technology.

The proof of concept laid the groundwork for what would become known as the Internet of Things.

Connected devices slowly gained traction throughout the 80s and 90s in academic and technology circles. The term Internet of Things was coined in 1999 by Kevin Ashton at Procter & Gamble.

With an emphasis on connecting objects to the Internet to collect and exchange data, Ashton’s concept unlocked a previously unimaginable level of automation.

Smart technology really took off in the 2010s with the proliferation of broadband Internet and inexpensive microprocessors.

Today, the state of Internet of Things is truly staggering. The number of connected devices reached over 14 billion in 2023. According to IoT Analytics, that number is expected to grow 16 percent to 16.7 billion in 2024.

For perspective, the number of IoT devices far exceeds the global population.

Modern Coca-Cola vending machines are equipped with smart technology for remote monitoring and management.

The devices track everything from inventory levels to customer preferences to machine health.

Coca-Cola uses the collected data to ensure popular choices are stocked and to cater selection to location preferences.

Smart energy management systems can reduce power consumption during off-peak hours, contributing to the company’s environmental sustainability goals.

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The expected compound annual growth rate is nearly 40 percent. 

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Allied Market Research says the automotive and transportation are especially driving demand, aiming to develop more efficient and innovative vehicles. 

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The previous digital twin roundup: https://youtu.be/ZdNbOXb1yGA?si=wVPPnR3h_p4WF20Z

Digital Twin 100 Year Timeline: https://youtu.be/7PQdAebY5FI?si=3s1ZNdM2ZEVvXVj6

#digitaltwin #digitaltransformation #technology #technews #techtrends #ainews #artificialintelligence #iiot #industry40 #smartmanufacturing #asiapacific #digitalengineering #digitaltools #predictivemaintenance #predictiveanalytics #predictivemodeling

The global digital twin market is set for meteoric growth with one region in particular driving adoption.

0:00 Introduction to the Digital Twin Market
1:14 Digital Twins in Olympic Swimming Training
2:58 US Government's Strategic Plan for Digital Twin Technology
4:45 Solar Cell Digital Twins for Rapid Production
6:20 GR1 Humanoid Robot and Digital Twin Integration
8:47 Xiaomi's Fully Automated Smart Factory
10:10 Nvidia's PlaMo Technology for Humanoid Movements
11:08 Dell and Nvidia's AI Factory
12:53 Siemens and Microsoft's Digital Twin Language Collaboration
13:53 Gillette Stadium's Digital Twin Transformation
14:53 Porsche's Digital Twins for EV Batteries

According to a new report from Allied Market Research, the digital twin market will rise from $6.5 billion in 2021 to $125.7 billion by 2030.

The expected compound annual growth rate is nearly 40 percent.

Digital twins are virtual replicas of real-life entities that provide deep insights for predicting and optimizing performance across sectors.

Allied Market Research says the automotive and transportation are especially driving demand, aiming to develop more efficient and innovative vehicles.

Asia-Pacific is expected to be the fastest growing region, accordion gto the research, with strong economic growth necessitating automation with significant investments in Internet of things and smart technology.

The previous digital twin roundup: https://youtu.be/ZdNbOXb1yGA?si=wVPPnR3h_p4WF20Z

Digital Twin 100 Year Timeline: https://youtu.be/7PQdAebY5FI?si=3s1ZNdM2ZEVvXVj6

#digitaltwin #digitaltransformation #technology #technews #techtrends #ainews #artificialintelligence #iiot #industry40 #smartmanufacturing #asiapacific #digitalengineering #digitaltools #predictivemaintenance #predictiveanalytics #predictivemodeling

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1:20 Teaching Unitree H1 General Purpose Humanoid Robot to Dance
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3:21 Nvidia's PlaMo (Plan and Move) for Realistic Humanoid Movements
4:50 Shanghai's Governance Guidelines for Humanoid Robots
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6:40 China's Open-Source Humanoid Robot
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8:06 Apollo Humanoid Robot Deployed for GXO Logistics
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The humanoid robotic market is evolving at breakneck speed. It’s nearly impossible for anyone to keep up with the nonstop advancements and announcements. The following are some of the most notable recent developments. Remember to subscribe to stay up to speed, and use the comment section to suggest robots for future roundups.

#humanoidrobot #humanoid #tesla #optimus #nvidia #robot #robots #robotics #artificialintelligence #ainews #techtrends #futuretech #futuretechnology

0:00 Introduction
0:22 GR-1 General Purpose Humanoid Robot Improvements
1:20 Teaching Unitree H1 General Purpose Humanoid Robot to Dance
2:15 About Unitree Robotics H1
2:41 JR West Giant Humanoid Robot for Japan Railway Maintenance
3:21 Nvidia's PlaMo (Plan and Move) for Realistic Humanoid Movements
4:50 Shanghai's Governance Guidelines for Humanoid Robots
5:49 Nio Tests Kuavo Humanoid for EV Manufacturing
6:40 China's Open-Source Humanoid Robot
7:25 Figure 1 Humanoid Robot Starts at BMW
8:06 Apollo Humanoid Robot Deployed for GXO Logistics
8:47 Sanctuary AI Secures AGI Funding
9:27 Ex-Robots Hyper Realistic Robots
10:19 Brain Chip Technology Brings Human Robot Hybrids Closer to Reality
10:57 Human Tissue Attached to Robot Face
11:30 Empathetic Humanoid Robot
12:10 Tesla's Optimus Humanoid Robot Starts Factory Work
13:54 HumanPlus Boxing Robot
14:42 Japanese Driving Robot
15:21 XBot L Climbs the Great Wall of China
16:01 1X Technology's Eve Humanoid Robot
16:40 Conclusion

The humanoid robotic market is evolving at breakneck speed. It’s nearly impossible for anyone to keep up with the nonstop advancements and announcements. The following are some of the most notable recent developments. Remember to subscribe to stay up to speed, and use the comment section to suggest robots for future roundups.

#humanoidrobot #humanoid #tesla #optimus #nvidia #robot #robots #robotics #artificialintelligence #ainews #techtrends #futuretech #futuretechnology

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By 2025, the Chinese government wants to mass produce humanoid robots by nurturing a few large-scale companies, creating a cluster of specialized small and medium-sized enterprises, and fostering industrial hubs dedicated to humanoids.

The following are just some of the latest developments in Chinese humanoid robotics.

Remember to suggest robots that should be included in future roundups.

#humanoidrobot #humanoid #unitree #china #robots #robotics #industry40  #technews #techtrends #waic #futuretech #futuretechnology #ainews #artificialintelligence #airobot #airobots

Shanghai released China’s first governance guidelines for humanoid robots during the 2024 World Artificial Intelligence Conference.

0:00 - Introduction and Overview
0:03 - Shanghai's Governance Guidelines for Humanoid Robots
1:00 - Neo's Testing of Quavo with Huawei's Harmony OS
2:05 - Hyperrealistic Robots by EX Robots
2:56 - National Local Joint Humanoid Robot Innovation Center's King Long
3:41 - Human Stem Cell Brain in Robots by Tianjin University
4:19 - Emotional Humanoid Robot by Fudan University
5:02 - XL Climbing the Great Wall by Robot Era
5:37 - Conclusion and Call for Suggestions

An array of humanoid robots were showcased during the conference, including the Unitree Robotics H1, a Chinese full-size general purpose humanoid robot capable of running as well as Tesla’s Optimus.

The guidelines emphasize the need for a reliable industrial supply chain and the integration of robotics across sectors where humans currently perform dangerous tasks.

Humanoid robots took center stage at the AI conference as China aggressively aims to take over the humanoid robotic market.

By 2025, the Chinese government wants to mass produce humanoid robots by nurturing a few large-scale companies, creating a cluster of specialized small and medium-sized enterprises, and fostering industrial hubs dedicated to humanoids.

The following are just some of the latest developments in Chinese humanoid robotics.

Remember to suggest robots that should be included in future roundups.

#humanoidrobot #humanoid #unitree #china #robots #robotics #industry40 #technews #techtrends #waic #futuretech #futuretechnology #ainews #artificialintelligence #airobot #airobots

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